Tuesday, June 28, 2011

Simple Past and The Infinitive

"The Seaweed Collectors" Paul Gaugin

1. I to New York last year. (go)

2. I want there again this year. (go)

3. Daniel a carpenter in his country.(be)

4. He wants a carpenter in this country. (be)

5. Maria a turkey for dinner last night. (make)

6. She wants another turkey next weekend. (make)

7. Tom soccer last Saturday. (play)

8. He wants soccer again this Saturday. (play)

9. Olivia with Carlos last night. (dance)

10. She wants with him again tonight. (dance)

11. We our new car yesterday. (drive)

12. We want it again today. (drive)

13. The students grammar last semester. (study)

14. They want it again next semester. (study)

15. The dog a steak for dinner last night. (eat)

16. The dog wants a steak again for dinner tonight.(eat)

17. Steven about his trip to Hawaii yesterday. (think)

18. He wants about it again today. (think)

19. The teacher the infinitive yesterday. (teach)

20. He wants it again today. (teach)

21. They the bus to school yesterday. (take)

22. They want it again after school. (take)

23. The policeman me a parking ticket yesterday.(give)

24. He wants me another one today. (give)

Monday, May 30, 2011

"be" in present tense, negative

"The Threshing Floor. La Era." 
Diego Rivera, 1904


Write the negative form in the following sentences. There are often two ways to write the negative. You'll see the correct answers in the drop down menu.

1. He thirsty now.

2. This juice very sweet.

3. Those stores near our house.

4. Our books cheap.

5. She home now.

6. These clean glasses.

7. Maria in class tonight.

8. These classes full yet.

9. It too cold outside now.

10. We at home right now. We're at school.

1l. The bus always on time.

12. This food is delicious. You a bad cook, you know.

13. This chicken half price.

14. I'm sorry. James at home right now. Can I take a message?

15. San Francisco a large city.

16. I ready for Level 3 yet.

17. Apples his favorite fruit.

18. Cake my favorite dessert.

19. It usually windy in the morning.

20. You the president of the company.

21. We in Room 311.

22. These vegetables fresh!

23. It easy to learn a language.

24. I tired now. I'm ready to study.

25. She comfortable because she's cold.

26. We in class because we have to work.

27. The cars here. They're in the parking lot.

28. Canada west of here, it's north.

29. The buses crowded in the afternoon.

30. Mission Campus open in July.

31. This Room 305, it's Room 326.

32. I from Nicaragua, I'm from Mexico.

Exchanges 1, the verb "be", Present Tense

Monday, December 13, 2010

Past Perfect Progressive

"Tahitian Women on the Beach" Paul Gaugin, 1891
Use Past Perfect Progressive to express a continuing action from the past to another time in the past. Don't use Past Perfect Progressive when you're including present or future time.

1. I was disappointed that I didn't get the job I applied for. for it for a long time.

2. Igor is happy he passed the citizenship test. in citizenship classes for two semesters.

3. Martha didn't follow the recipe and the cake wasn't good. It's a shame. on it all yesterday morning.

4. Last night, I got home very late. my friends in Berkeley and I lost track of the time.

5. It's too bad that Donald and his girlfriend broke up. together for three years.

6. Melvin is glad that he won the marathon. for it for several months.

7. Our neighbors Mr. and Mrs. Peterson moved to another city to be closer to their grandchildren. I'll miss them. in our neighborhood for several years.

8. Did you really cancel your trip to Acapulco? You must be upset. it for several weeks.

9. Steve was going to come to our party, but he got the flu and couldn't come. It's a shame. to it since we invited him.

10. Roger got a job and couldn't perform in the play. He regretted it. for it for a long time.

11. It's a good thing we saw the Giants game. Remember? to get tickets to that game for weeks before we finally were able to get them.

12. What a relief! I went to the dentist yesterday, and she fixed my cracked tooth. pain for several days.

13. Maria for twenty minutes before she lost her voice.

14. The plane the airport for an hour before it was finally cleared for a landing.

15. We our picnic a lot when it suddenly began to rain.

16. Our favorite restaurant closed last month. It's really unfortunate. there for at least three years.

17. David finally saw the doctor at 5:00 pm yesterday afternoon. He was glad because for the doctor for an hour and a half.

Wednesday, November 10, 2010

Sorting Three Verb Tenses: Future, Present Perfect,
Present Perfect Progressive

"Autumn Landscape With Four Trees"
Vincent Van Gogh, 1885

1. (I, know) how to ski since I was a teenager.

2. (take) My cousins BART to the East Bay and back to San Francisco for years.

3. (be) My sister never to New York.

4. (you, see) How many movies recently?

5. (we, wait) This bus is really late. How long for it?

6. (move) Daniel and his family to San Francisco next year.

7. (already, plan) Tom his trip to Europe.

8. (he, think) about the trip for a long time.

9. (he, shop) When Daniel moves to the United States, in North American supermarkets.

10. (I, own) my house since 2007.

11. (see) Jack the new movie at the AMC Theater yet?

12. (read) I love this book. it for two hours, and I'm not bored at all.

13. (play) Susan tennis since ten o'clock this morning.

14. (she, already, play) Believe it or not, 8 games of tennis and won three of them!

15. (you, write) Aren't you tired? letters all afternoon.

16. (you, write) Tell me. How many letters ?

17. (we, not, clean) We're cleaning our apartment, and we're very slow. the kitchen yet.

18. (we, already, clean) However, the two bedrooms, the dining room, and the bathroom.

19. (they, paint) Our friends are more energetic than we are. their apartment all weekend. They never stop painting except to eat lunch and dinner.

20. (plant) Mr. and Mrs. Parker flowers all day today.

21. (they, already, plant) Believe it or not, ten flowers!
Ten flowers? No wonder they're tired.

22. (they, plant) Not only that, but next weekend, a tree in front of their house.

23. (knit) My grandmother socks since 9 O'clock this morning.

24. (she, knit, already) Believe it or not, 7 pair of socks, and she's going to knit five more pair before she's finished.

25. (memorize) The actor his lines yet. He's not ready to perform.

26. (I, run) for two and a half hours, and I'm getting very tired. Is this race going to end anytime soon?

27. (they, take) Daniel's cousins tell him he shouldn't worry. English lessons for years, and it hasn't been a problem. In fact, they tell him English is "a piece of cake".

28. (you, have) I'm Doctor Greene. I understand your back hurts. How long this problem with your back?

29. (I, never, fly) I'm nervous. I'm going to fly in an airplane tomorrow, and in an airplane before.

30. (fly) Your cousins in airplanes for years, and believe me, there's nothing to be nervous about.

31. (I, study) English for a long time, but I'm not fluent yet. How long will it take me to become fluent in English?

Tuesday, November 2, 2010

Past, Unreal Conditional: Filling the Blanks

"The Large Family" Rene Magritte, 1963

1. I didn’t buy new shoes because I didn’t need them.
If I new shoes, I would have bought them.

2. I didn’t go to the park yesterday because I was busy.
If I hadn’t been busy, I to the park.

3. I didn’t drink coffee this morning because I was late to work.
If I late to work, I would have drunk coffee this morning.

4. I didn’t drive to work because my son borrowed my car.
I to work if my son hadn’t borrowed my car.

5. We didn’t rent the movie because we saw it last week
If we the movie last week, we would have rented it.

6. The traffic was slow because there was an accident.
If there hadn’t been an accident, the traffic slow.

7. The restaurant didn’t make money because the people didn’t like it.
The restaurant would have made money if the it.

8. The horse didn’t run fast because its leg was injured.
If the horse’s , it would have run faster.

9. I didn’t marry Susan because she loved someone else.
I would have married Susan if she someone else.

10. Tom didn’t play soccer last Saturday because his mother was sick.
If Tom’s mother hadn’t been sick, he soccer last Saturday.

11. The Giants won the World Series because they played very well.
If the Giants very well, they wouldn’t have won the World Series.

12. Mary didn’t go out with Chuck because he was married.
Mary with Chuck if he hadn’t been married.

13. We didn’t rent the apartment because it was too far away.
If the apartment hadn’t been so far away, we it.

14. Mary didn’t buy the dress because it didn’t fit her.
Mary the dress if it had fit her.

15. We didn’t enjoy the party because there were too many people.
We would have enjoyed the party if so many people.

16. Ed didn’t swim yesterday because the pool was closed.
Ed yesterday if the pool hadn’t been closed.

17. Steve didn’t walk to school yesterday because it was raining too hard.
Steve would have walked to school if so hard.

18. The workers quit their jobs because their factory moved to a different city.
If the workers’ factory to a different city, they wouldn’t have quit their jobs.

19. The children didn’t cry yesterday because the clown made them laugh.
If the clown hadn’t made the children laugh, they .

20. They couldn’t sell their book because it got bad reviews.
They their book if it better reviews. ,

21. I didn’t drive to work because I didn’t own a car.
I to work if I had owned a car.

22. I didn’t read when I was young because I watched too much TV.
If I so much TV, I would have read more when I was young.

23. Ray didn’t buy the computer because it wasn’t cheap enough.
Ray would have bought the computer if it cheaper.

24. I didn’t buy a new house because I didn’t win the lottery.
I a new house if I had won the lottery.

25. My son didn’t get the job because he didn’t speak Spanish fluently.
My son would have gotten the job if he fluently.

26. Our grandchildren didn’t visit us because they moved too far away.
They us if they hadn’t moved so far away.

27. They missed part of the class because they arrived too late.
They wouldn’t have missed any of the class if they so late.

28. My mother didn’t bake a cake because she didn’t have enough sugar and flour.
My mother a cake if she’d had enough sugar and flower.

29. I didn’t miss my brother’s birthday because I didn’t leave San Francisco.
I would have missed my brother’s birthday if I San Francisco.

30. I didn’t send you a postcard because I lost your address.
I you a postcard if I hadn’t lost your address.

Jennifer Esl - Past Unreal Conditionals

Sunday, August 15, 2010

The Verb "be" in Present Tense

Exercise One - Fill the blanks.

1. I a student.

2. This an English class.

3. The teachers at a meeting.

4. We in Room 326.

5. The restaurant across the street

6. Maria in Oakland.

7. He intelligent.

8. The books on the shelf.

9. The bus late.

10. She very patient.

11. That correct.

12. These sentences easy.

13. I thirsty.

14. It sunny.

15. You his employee.

Exercise 2 - Write Contractions if possible in the following:

1. a student.

2. an English class.

3. at a meeting.

4. in Room 326.

5. across the street.

6. in Oakland.

7. intelligent.

8. on the shelf.

9. late.

10. very patient.

11. correct.

12. easy.

13. thirsty.

14. sunny.

15. his employee.

Jennifer ESL speaks about the verb "be"

Thursday, June 3, 2010

Prepositions of Time: "In", "At", "On"

"Love Parade" by Francis Picabia, 1917

Rules for In, At, and On with time expressions:

Use "in" for month, year, season, decade, or century: "Our classes begin in August."
"I was born in 1959."

Use "in" for speaking of the amount of time before the beginning of an event:
"The class will start in ten minutes." (It's now 8:20am, and the class begins at 8:30am)

Use "in" for part of the day such as "in the afternoon" "in the evening".
but, use "at" for "at night"

Use "at" for exact time, just as "at" is used for exact place: "I work at 1125 Valencia Street." "The class begins at 8:30am." "We'll go to lunch at noon." "The news program is at 7:00pm." "We must pay our rent at the beginning of the month."

Use "at" for expressions like "at last" (finally) and "at the same time" (simultaneously)

Use "on" for day or a part of a day: "The classes will begin on Monday, August 16th.""We'll go to the computer lab on Friday."

1. We're going to travel abroad the summer.

2. They usually do their laundry Mondays.

3. Let's meet for lunch at Harvey's Restaurant around noon.

4. December 25th, we celebrate Christmas Day.

5. She's going to return from her trip to Mexico sometime May.

6. There's an important meeting at the office today 10:30 am.

7. Many workers lost their jobs 2008 because of the financial crisis.

8. You're invited to our school picnic. It's going to be Saturday afternoon 3:00 pm.

9. The office staff usually goes out for coffee the middle of the morning.

10. We like to go to jazz concerts the evening.

11. Our rent was due the beginning of the month. We finally paid it June 8th.

12. We heard a loud noise last night around 2 am.

13. Computer technology made very large progress the last decade of the Twentieth Century.

14. Fall Semester classes will begin Monday, August 16th.

15. This store is going to close exactly 11:00 pm.

16. Do you have any plans Independence Day?

17. They lived in New York most of the 1980s. Then, they moved to San Francisco.

18. I'm very busy the moment, but I'll call you later this afternoon.

19. We usually go to church Sunday morning.

20. I have one or two cups of coffee the morning, but not the afternoon.

21. The class starts 10:30 am. Try to be time.

22. Jose was born March 15th, 1975.

23. Mr. Kramer and his family came to this country 1990.

24. Our visitors are going to the new museum Thursday.

25. The weather doesn't get very hot in San Francisco June or July.

26. We enjoy watching movies on TV night.

27. Why is it so windy the afternoon around here?

28. They plan to leave for South America early the fall.

29. Our friends are going to visit us Sunday night.

30. My father used to smoke a pipe the evening after dinner.